Intel vs AMD: Everything you need to know!

Intel vs AMD Everything you need to know!

There are two main types of computer processors on the market today: Intel and AMD.

Intel and AMD are two of the biggest names in the world of processors and for good reason. Both companies have a long history of producing quality products that dominate the market. So, which company should you go with when it comes time to buy a new processor?

In the past, choosing a computer processor was easy. If you wanted the best performance, you went with an Intel processor. However, with the release of AMD’s Ryzen processors, that is no longer the case. In this article, we will compare and contrast Intel and AMD processors to help you decide which one is right for you.

If you’re like most people, you probably don’t give a lot of thought to the inner workings of your computer. But when it comes time to buy a new one, the choice between an Intel and AMD processor can be confusing. Let’s take a look at the differences between these two companies’ processors.

What is the difference between different types of processors?

The main difference between AMD and Intel processors is that Intel processors are designed for high-performance gaming, while the processors under the AMD brand are more focused on energy efficiency and compact form factors. On average, this means that Intel CPUs tend to cost slightly more than their AMD counterparts but offer better performance at higher clock speeds. Many people think of speed when they hear the word “Intel,” so if it’s just raw processing power you’re looking for, then Intel is probably your best bet.

However, many new technologies have made finding the perfect balance between performance and price a little easier. For example, if you buy an Intel Pentium G3258 20th Anniversary processor, you’ll be paying less than half of what you would for a Core i7-4790, but you’ll still get a great gaming experience. AMD CPUs also come in a variety of models with different price points and levels of performance, so it’s important to do your research before making a purchase.

Two main factors determine how fast a processor can execute instructions: clock speed and number of cores.

Clock speed measures how many operations a single core can complete in one second (that is, how fast it can run). A high-end Intel Core i7 processor has clock speeds up to 4 GHz – meaning an individual core could theoretically execute 4 billion instructions in one second.

Several cores measure how many processing units (called “cores”) are on the CPU. A high-end Intel Core i7 processor has 4 cores, meaning it can run up to 4 billion instructions in one second – which is impressive! AMD CPUs, on the other hand, typically only have 2 or 4 cores.

Why does clock speed matter?

It’s important because more powerful processors can complete more operations per second, which means they can do everything else faster too. If you’re running a single program that requires less than 1 GHz of power then any modern computer will probably be fast enough for you. However, if you’re running multiple programs at once (for example: playing a game while having 70 browser tabs open), then you’ll want a processor with a higher clock speed to ensure that everything runs smoothly.

Intel processors tend to have higher clock speeds than AMD processors.

Cache is important, too!

The cache is another factor that can affect how fast your computer performs. Cache is a temporary storage area that stores frequently used data and instructions so that the CPU can access them more quickly. CPUs with larger caches (8-16MB) can perform better than CPUs with smaller caches (2-4MB).

Intel chips tend to have larger caches than AMD chips.


Intel processors are based on the x86 architecture, which was first developed by Intel in 1978. AMD processors, on the other hand, are based on the x86-64 architecture, which was developed jointly by AMD and Intel in 2002. The x86-64 architecture is backward-compatible with the x86 architecture, so software designed for x86 processors will work on x86-64 processors as well.

Power efficiency

Intel processors are generally faster and more power-efficient than AMD processors. They also tend to have a wider variety of features, which can be important if you plan to use your computer for intensive tasks such as gaming or video editing.

Which is better for gaming – Intel or AMD?

AMD CPUs offer better value for money, allowing you to get more performance per dollar. However, Intel processors are generally faster than AMD CPUs in most games today. If you’re just looking for the best possible performance without spending too much money on your CPU, then an Intel processor is probably a better choice.

Both Intel and AMD produce integrated graphics processors (IGPs) which are built into the motherboard and handle the display output. However, if you’re looking for higher performance, you’ll want to pair your CPU with a discrete graphics card.

New Gen AMD CPUs are considered to be at par for gaming purposes because AMD chips have powerful on-die graphics that are more likely to provide good gaming performance than comparable Intel processors.

But wait! There’s more…

Intel is known for creating smaller transistors, allowing them to pack more of them into each processor generation. These smaller transistors allow for greater power utilization at higher clock speeds and lower heat release per transistor, meaning the computer can perform faster without overheating or requiring large cooling systems. This is great news if you’re looking for high-performance computers!

Cores to cost ratio

One thing to keep in mind is that AMD offers more cores than Intel at the same price point. This means that, if you’re running applications that can take advantage of multiple cores (like video editing or 3D rendering), an AMD processor might be a better option. In general, though, Intel processors are better at single-threaded tasks while AMD processors are better at multi-threaded tasks. If most of the programs you use are single-threaded, then an Intel CPU will be better for you.

Single-core performance

AMD processors are often considered to have worse single-threaded performance than Intel’s processors, so they are usually worse at tasks that can only use one core at a time. However, AMD is closing the gap between itself and Intel in this area, so it may not be much of an issue for you.


AMD processors are generally cheaper than Intel processors. They also tend to have more cores, which can be useful for multitasking and intensive tasks.

Comparing different lineups

Intel offers many different lines of CPUs, but their most basic line is called Celeron. Celeron chips are relatively weak compared to other Intel chips and lack features like hyperthreading or Turbo Boost Technology 2.0. This means that if your computer needs more power, spending more money on a processor from the Pentium or Core i3/5/7 families will offer better value than a Celeron.

AMD also offers many different lines of CPUs, with their most basic line being called Athlon. Athlon processors are usually much weaker than Intel’s processors but have more features like simultaneous multithreading (SMT) and AMD Turbo Core. This gives AMD an edge in some situations where Intel is weaker. For example, AMD’s chips can handle more threads at once, so they are better for gaming or other tasks that use multiple cores simultaneously.

Intel’s current high-end desktop (HEDT) line of processors is called the Core X-Series. These processors are incredibly powerful and expensive, but they also offer more cores and threads than any other consumer CPU on market. If you need a lot of power for multi-threading applications, this is a good choice.

If you’re looking to build a powerful gaming PC and you want to know how Intel and AMD compare, it’s important to note that Intel has recently begun putting more resources into the development of their integrated graphics. With AMD’s Vega not yet on the market, many people are speculating that AMD will need to release a new line of CPUs & GPUs to keep up with Intel.


In general, Intel processors are better suited for high-end tasks such as gaming and video editing, while AMD processors are better suited for budget-minded users who need a lot of cores for multitasking. If you’re not sure which processor is right for you, consult your local hardware specialist to help you make the right choice for your next computer upgrade.

I am a computer engineer holding a bachelor's degree in Computer Science, complemented by a Master's in Business Administration from University of Strathclyde, Scotland. I currently work as a Senior IT Consultant in Melbourne, Australia. With over 15 years of...