How To Choose A Motherboard For 2022

How to choose a motherboard for 2022

As technology advances, so does the need for more powerful and specialized motherboards. With so many different options on the market, it can be hard to determine which motherboard is right for your needs. To make an informed decision, you must first understand the basics of motherboard construction and function.

Here are a few tips to help you choose the right motherboard for your computer in 2022.


What is a motherboard?

The motherboard is the most important component of a computer. It is the central nervous system that allows all the parts of the computer to communicate with each other. All components in a computer connect to the motherboard, and it can be thought of as the skeleton that gives structure to all the other components. In this blog post, we will break down all the different parts of a motherboard and explain what they do.

The Central Processing Unit (CPU)

The CPU is the brain of the computer. It processes all the instructions given to the computer and carries out tasks accordingly. It consists of two main parts:

The control unit fetches instructions from memory and decodes them

The arithmetic logic unit performs mathematical operations and makes decisions based on conditions . Most modern CPUs are multi-core, meaning they have multiple cores that can process instructions simultaneously. This improves performance as multiple tasks can be executed at the same time. Most motherboards will have a slot for you to insert the CPU. There are different types of sockets for different types of CPUs. Make sure you check what kind of CPU your motherboard supports before buying one!

Random Access Memory (RAM)

RAM is where instructions waiting to be processed by the CPU are stored. It is volatile memory, meaning it is erased when the power is turned off. RAM comes in different speeds and capacities. The speed is measured in nanoseconds (ns), and the capacity is measured in gigabytes (GB). You will want to get RAM that is compatible with your motherboard and CPU. For capacity, 4GB of RAM is enough for most people unless you are planning on doing heavy video editing or gaming, in which case you will want 8GB or more.

Like with CPUs, there are different kinds of RAM slots on different kinds of motherboards. Make sure you check what kind of RAM your motherboard supports! Also, if you are planning on upgrading your RAM in the future, make sure your motherboard has enough slots for additional RAM modules. Most motherboards will have 2 slots for RAM modules although some high-end models can have 8 or more!

When buying RAM, you will often see two numbers separated by a slash like “16/32” This means that the module is 16GB but uses 32 GB due to using double data rate technology which essentially means it can transfer data twice as fast as a module without double data rate technology.”

Central processing units (CPUs) and random access memory (RAM) work together closely because RAM stores instructions waiting to be processed by CPUs. That’s why it’s important to get compatible parts and upgrade both together if possible! If you buy a new CPU but keep your old RAM, bottlenecking could occur where your new CPU isn’t being used to its fullest potential because it isn’t getting fast enough instructions from your old RAM.”

A motherboard is made up of many complex components that work together to allow a computer to function properly. In this blog post, we briefly touched on some of these components and what they do. To ensure compatibility between all parts, make sure to do your research before making any purchases!

Form Factor

We will compare the two most popular processor types on the market: AMD and Intel. We’ll discuss the key differences between these platforms so that you can make an informed decision about which one is right for your needs.

Processor Sockets

The first thing to consider when choosing a motherboard is the type of processor socket it uses. AMD processors use what is known as an AM4 socket, while Intel processors use a variety of different sockets depending on the specific model. The type of socket used will determine which processors are compatible with your motherboard.

Chipset Differences

Another key difference between AMD and Intel motherboards is the chipset used. An AMD motherboard will typically use a chipset from the X470, B450, or X370 series. Intel motherboards, on the other hand, will use chipsets from either the Z390, H370, B360, or H310 series. Chipset differences can impact everything from system performance to expandability and connectivity options.

Memory Support Differences

When it comes to memory support, there are some key differences between AMD and Intel motherboards. Both platforms have support for DDR4 RAM, but AMD motherboards also have support for newer DDR5 RAM modules. This means that if you want to future-proof your system, an AMD motherboard may be a better option. In terms of maximum memory capacity, both platforms offer similar levels of support (up to 128GB for AMD and up to 64GB for Intel).

Expandability Differences

Lastly, we come to expandability differences. Both AMD and Intel motherboards offer multiple PCI Express (PCIe) slots for adding additional components such as graphics cards or network adapters. However, where they differ is in the number and type of PCIe slots available. Typically speaking, an AMD motherboard will offer more PCIe slots than an equivalent Intel motherboard—and those slots will be of a higher caliber (i.e., they will offer faster data transfer speeds).

In conclusion, both AMD and Intel motherboards have their unique strengths and weaknesses. It’s important to carefully consider your needs before making a decision about which platform is right for you.

Form Factor: Mini-ITX vs MicroATX vs ATX

One of the first decisions you’ll need to make is what form factor motherboard to choose. In this blog post, we’ll compare the three most popular options—Mini-ITX, MicroATX, and ATX—to help you decide which one is right for your build.

Size Matters: Mini-ITX vs MicroATX vs ATX Motherboards

One of the most important considerations when choosing a motherboard is size. You need to make sure that your motherboard will fit in the case you’ve selected for your build. Here’s a quick overview of the three most common form factors to help you choose the right one for your needs.

Mini-ITX: Mini-ITX motherboards are the smallest available option, measuring just 6.7 inches square. They’re a popular choice for small form factor (SFF) builds because they allow you to create a compact PC without sacrificing features or expandability. However, because they’re so small, they usually have fewer expansion slots than their larger counterparts.

MicroATX: MicroATX motherboards are slightly larger than Mini-ITX boards, measuring 9.6 inches square. They offer more expandability than Mini-ITX boards thanks to their additional expansion slots, but they’re still small enough to fit in most SFF cases.

ATX: ATX motherboards are the largest standard form factor, measuring 12 inches square. They offer the most expandability thanks to their numerous expansion slots, but they won’t fit in all SFF cases. If you’re planning on building a powerful gaming rig or workstation, an ATX board is probably your best bet.

Slot Types

Another important consideration when choosing a motherboard is slot type. The type of slot determines what kind of add-in card (AIC) can be used with the board. For example, if you want to add a dedicated graphics card to your build, you need to make sure your motherboard has a PCI Express (PCIe) x16 slot. Most modern boards have at least one PCIe x16 slot, but some cheaper options may only have a PCIe x1 or even no PCIe slots at all. Here’s an overview of the most common slot types found on today’s motherboards:

PCI Express (PCIe): PCIe slots come in several different sizes, with each size offering different bandwidth capabilities. For example, a PCIe x1 slot has 1 lane and can carry up to 250 Mb/s of data each second, while a PCIe x16 slot has 16 lanes and can carry up to 4 Gb/s each second. The size of the card determines which size slot it will fit in—a smaller card like a WiFi adapter can be used in any size PCIe slot, but a larger card like a graphics card will only fit in an appropriately sized free slot (i.e., a full-size graphics card will only fit in an unused PCIe x16 slot).

Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP): AGP was once the standard slot type for graphics cards, but it has largely been replaced by PCIe in recent years. Most modern motherboards don’t have AGP slots anymore, but if you’re using an older graphics card that uses AGP, you’ll need to make sure your motherboard has an available AGP slot.

Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI): PCI slots are used for AICs that don’t require high bandwidth speeds like sound cards and network adapters. Like AGP slots, PCI slots are becoming increasingly rare on modern motherboards as newer technologies like USB and Thunderbolt take their place; however, they’re still commonly found on budget boards and older models. If you’re using any legacy devices that require PCI slots, make sure your motherboard has an available PCI slot. Otherwise, you’ll need to buy a new device or upgrade your motherboard.

Ports needed

Physical ports are used to connect the motherboard to peripheral devices, like your keyboard, mouse, monitor, and storage drives. The most common type of physical port is the Universal Serial Bus (USB) port. You’ll find these on just about every modern device—they’re typically used for charging or data transfer. Almost all motherboards will have multiple USB ports of different sizes (more on that later). Other common ports include audio jacks (for connecting headphones or speakers), Ethernet ports (for connecting to the internet), and DisplayPorts or HDMI ports (for connecting a display). .

If you’re still in doubt about your selection of motherboards – our technicians can help!

I am a computer engineer holding a bachelor's degree in Computer Science, complemented by a Master's in Business Administration from University of Strathclyde, Scotland. I currently work as a Senior IT Consultant in Melbourne, Australia. With over 15 years of...