A Full List Of All MacOS Versions [2023]

A Full List Of All MacOS Versions

We have compiled a comprehensive list of all versions of the MacOS, going back to its inception.

Each version includes features and requirements, plus an exploration into what makes each one unique.

From Cheetah to Mojave, this guide will give you everything you need to know about the history and evolution of MacOS.

So let’s begin our journey into the past and explore the vast world that is Apple’s macOS!

History of macOS

You may have heard of Mac OS X, OS X, and macOS – all of these refer to the same Mac operating system from Apple.

The first was used between 2001-2011 as Mac OS X 10.7 before it was replaced with OS X for 2015.

In 2016, they changed the name to macOS with High Sierra being the first version released.

To get a comprehensive view of macOS versions, let’s start by looking at Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah).

Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah)

Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah) was the first major software release for Mac.

It was rolled out on March 24, 2001 and came with a hefty price tag of $129.

It required 128 MB of RAM and featured the Aqua user interface.

Unfortunately, users complained that computers that surpassed its system requirements ran slowly.


MacOS Cheetah offered a range of unique features that set it apart from other operating systems.

It was designed for ease-of-use with an intuitive interface and powerful multitasking capabilities.

User Interface:

  • Aqua Interface: 2D/3D graphics support and a water theme.
  • Graphical Improvements: Enhanced visual experience.

Multitasking Capabilities:

  • Task Switcher: Easy switching between applications and windows.
  • Prioritization System: Ensures smooth performance while multitasking.

The Aqua interface pushed the boundaries of graphical interfaces, offering an all-new visual experience.

This made MacOS Cheetah the perfect choice for users who desire mastery of their computing environment.

Seamless transitioning into the next release allowed the user to continue working without interruption.

Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma)

It had specific requirements including a PowerPC G3 processor running at 233MHz or faster, 128MB RAM and 1GB hard drive space.

Puma introduced a solid performance boost and a few other functional improvements such as simplified CD and DVD burning, new features in Finder, and more extensive printer support.


Here’s a quick overview of what you were to expect from MacOS Puma:

  • Comprehensive integration with other Apple products such as iCloud, AirDrop, and iTunes.
  • Support for multiple languages and international keyboards.
  • A streamlined user experience that was intuitive and easy to use.


Mac OS X Puma was released with a variety of features that made it a powerful operating system.

Here are some of the highlights:

  1. The Aqua user interface, which featured a modern, graphically-rich design and improved window management.
  2. Improved hardware support, including printers and DVD players.
  3. Support for multiple processor architectures, such as PowerPC G4 and G5 processors.
  4. Built-in support for networking protocols like TCP/IP and AppleTalk, allowing users to easily connect to local networks or the internet.

These features combined to make Mac OS X Puma an incredibly capable operating system that could meet the demands of power users and casual users alike.

Now let’s take a look at what was introduced in Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar).

Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)

Released in August 2002, this operating system required a PowerPC G3 processor with 128MB RAM and 1GB of hard drive space.

It packed an impressive 150 features into its package, enabling users to enjoy a larger selection of apps than ever before.


The new features on Puma included:

  • Mail, iChat, Address Book, and iCal
  • A noteworthy update of the Mac logo from color to gray upon startup
  • The ability to customize settings and preferences
  • Easily accessible music library through iTunes or watch videos on QuickTime.

Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther)

Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther) was released in 2003 and is the fourth major version of Apple’s Mac operating system.

The minimum requirements for installing Mac OS X 10.3 Panther include 128 MB RAM, 1GB hard drive space, and a PowerPC G3 or higher processor.

This version of the Mac OS offered several notable new features such as improved Finder functionality, support for Exposé desktop management, and a new Safari web browser.


Apple’s Safari browser has been the default web browser on Mac since its first release on Jaguar.

It was released with Panther, which included 150+ new features such as Font Book, Xcode enhancements, and more.

This made it a powerful tool for Apple users.

It also allowed them to browse the web faster and more securely than before. With each version of Mac OS X, Safari has seen improvements in speed, security, and functionality.

Nowadays, Safari has become an indispensable part of the macOS experience for millions of people around the world.

As technology continues to advance, so does the capabilities of this browser.

Moving forward with requirements, it’s important to note that different versions of macOS may have different system requirements in order to use Safari effectively.


To use Safari effectively, you needed to meet certain system requirements that vary depending on your macOS version:

  • A PowerPC G3, G4, or G5 processor with a minimum 233 MHz speed.
  • At least 128 MB RAM (512 MB recommended).
  • 1.5 GB of free disk space.
  • A CD-ROM drive.
  • An integrated USB drive indicative of New World ROM.

Plus, access to the internet for full functionality.


The most notable features of Panther included:

  • Updated Finder interface
  • Fax support
  • FileVault
  • Safari
  • Faster user switching
  • Built-in fax support
  • X11 support

Additionally, it supported:

  • TextEdit for Microsoft Word and .doc documents
  • Xcode developer tools
  • iChat AV video-conferencing software

Performance was also increased with:

  • PDF rendering speed increases
  • File labels

Now let’s move on to Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) to see what more it had in store for users.

Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger)

This operating system was released in 2005 and required a PowerPC G4 or G5 processor and 512 MB of RAM.

It featured Spotlight, Dashboard, Automator, Safari RSS, iChat AV, QuickTime 7, and Core Audio.

As such, it included a wide range of powerful features that made it an attractive choice for many users.


Mac OS X Tiger, released in April 2005, was lauded as the world’s most advanced operating system.

It introduced more than 200 new features to users, making it easier to find files and manage multiple windows.

An intuitive user interface provided a seamless experience across applications and allowed for quick access to various tools.

A Spotlight search feature made finding information faster and easier, while Dashboard widgets added convenience and customization.

With improved graphics capability, users could enjoy better image quality and faster performance when playing games or using multimedia applications.

Furthermore, Mac OS X Tiger included enhanced security measures such as file-level encryption and firewall protection.

As a result of its comprehensive set of features, this version of the Mac OS platform solidified its place at the forefront of computer technology.


To run Mac OS X Tiger efficiently, certain system requirements must be met.

This includes a minimum of 512MB of RAM, an 800MHz processor or faster, and 9GB of disk space for installation.

Graphics cards must also have at least 32MB of video memory and support for Core Image or Quartz Extreme.

Additionally, a DVD drive is required to install the operating system from CD/DVD media.

If you didn’t have access to a DVD drive, you could order one online or purchase an external USB model which should suffice.

Of course, in order to use Mac OS X Tiger’s features properly, your hardware should meet Apple’s suggested system specs which include 1GB of RAM and an Intel Core Duo processor running at 1.83GHz or higher.


Tiger’s many features made it a powerful OS.

It included the Dashboard, Grapher, Spotlight, and enhanced Japanese fonts for an improved user experience.

With iChat AV support for four-way video calls and 10-way audio calls, users can stay connected with ease.

Leveraging Mac syncing features to keep data in sync across various devices, RSS and atom web syndication feeds reader (built into Safari) keeps you informed on the latest news.

Automator makes complex tasks easier while VoiceOver simplifies accessibility options and Xcode 2.0 ensures developers are well equipped with tools they need.

Finally, Core Image provides image processing capabilities making Tiger both robust and versatile.

Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard)

Mac OS X 10.5, Leopard, was the sixth major release of Apple’s operating system for Macintosh computers.

This version introduced a number of features and hardware requirements necessary to run the software.

You needed at least 1 GB of RAM and an Intel processor to install Leopard; however, it also offered many features such as Time Machine backup software, support for 64-bit applications and improved graphics support.


From improved UI design to powerful new applications, Mac Leopard users had been privy to some of the most cutting-edge technology available.

Specifically, Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) featured:

  1. A completely revamped user interface with Dock, a new menu bar, and Stacks;
  2. Time Machine for effortless backups;
  3. Enhanced Spotlight search capabilities;
  4. Support for 64-bit applications – all leading up to a major shift in how we interact with our machines.

These are just some of the reasons why Leopard remains one of the most impactful versions of macOS released then, setting a high bar for future updates and paving the way for what’s yet to come.


To use Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard), you needed certain hardware and software requirements.

These included an Intel processor or PowerPC of G5 or G4 (867 MHz and faster), a DVD drive, 512 MB of RAM (1 GB for development purposes), and 9 GB disc space.

It’s important to note that Mac OS X 10.5 was the last version that supports the PowerPC structure.

All later versions are only supported by Intel-based Macs.

Once you have these requirements fulfilled, you’re ready to delve into the features of Leopard.


With Leopard, you’d get access to a range of exciting features like Alexa, Improved Automator, Japanese dictionary with 18 languages, Improved 3D dock, Safari 3, Time Machine, Quick Look for document viewing and Objective-C 2.0 runtime plus the Stack feature for grouping files.

This included:

  • Support for cloud services
  • Finder sidebar enhancements
  • Full 64-bit support
  • Faster system performance

These capabilities made Leopard an ideal choice for those desiring mastery of their Mac OS X environment.

Additionally, it provides a strong foundation from which to explore the next version in the series: Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard).

Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard)

Mac OS X 10.6, also known as Snow Leopard, was the sixth major release of Apple’s Mac OS X operating system.

It was released in 2009 and had a few requirements to install, such as an Intel-based Mac with a minimum of 1GB RAM and 5GB of free space on the hard drive.

Snow Leopard brought some great features to the table, including a faster and more efficient Finder, support for Microsoft Exchange 2007 servers, OpenCL for better graphics performance than its predecessor 10.5 (Leopard), full 64-bit application support, and improved security measures like Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR).


It was seen as Apple’s answer to Windows XP and sold at an attractive price of $29.

Snow Leopard came with 18 languages and the utilities and apps found in the Mac OS X Leopard, such as Stickies, Preview, and Chess apps.

This version has been well received by users due to its features that make it simple to upgrade from older versions of Mac OS X.


Intel Processor At least 1GB of RAM
5GB Disk Space Installation Ready



Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) offered faster performance thanks to improvements in Grand Central Dispatch and OpenCL support for harnessing GPU processing power in compatible hardware systems.

Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion)

This version was introduced in 2011 and was available for purchase until 2012.

To use it, your computer should have had an Intel Core 2 Duo processor or better, 2 GB of RAM, and at least 7 GB of hard drive space.

Lion included over 250 new features such as Mission Control, Launchpad, and the ability to move files between multiple Apple devices using AirDrop.


From Lion’s Launchpad to multi-touch gestures, Mac OS continued to make strides in creating a more user-friendly experience.

  • A powerful Spotlight Search function for quickly finding data
  • Apple’s iCloud service for securely syncing data across devices
  • AirPlay Mirroring for streaming content from other Apple devices
  • Advanced security features like FileVault 2 encryption

All these elements combined to create an operating system that is both intuitive and secure.


MacOS Lion offered a range of powerful tools and capabilities to suit all users’ needs.

From basic productivity apps to more advanced ones, you could tailor the power of MacOS to your own needs.

With multi-touch gestures, full-screen view, and Launchpad icons for easy app access, navigating MacOS is intuitive and efficient.

The swipe trackpad allowed you to quickly access Mission Control, Airdrop, Resume function, AutoSave, and Versions features.

Additionally, MacOS Lion offered newer additions such as the iCal interface and standalone Mail/Calendar apps.

Plus, with the Gatekeeper malware blocker, you could enjoy extra protection. 

OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion)

OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) was the ninth major release of Apple’s Mac OS X operating system, introduced in 2012.

It had a minimum requirement of an Intel Core 2 Duo processor and 2GB RAM but could also be installed on machines with up to 16GB RAM.

Mountain Lion featured many new features such as iCloud integration, Message app, AirPlay Mirroring support, and Notification Center.


Mountain Lion was the last OS X version to be sold by Apple, providing users with an improved experience over previous versions.

It brought with it new features such as Notes, Reminders, and Messages, all available for free!


Messages succeeded iChat and Calendar took the place of iCal.

iMessage let you easily stay in touch with friends and family, while iCloud syncs content between apps like Mail, iMessage, and more.

The Notification Center kept you informed of the latest notifications from your apps, while Share Sheets makes it easy to share

OS X 10.9 (Mavericks)

OS X 10.9 Mavericks was the tenth major release of Apple’s Mac operating system.

It was first released in October 2013.

Requirements for running Mavericks included having at least 2GB of RAM, 8GB of available storage space, and an Intel processor from 2006 or later.

With Mavericks, users were now able to access documents across multiple devices with iCloud Drive integration.

They could also use Finder tabs to easily manage multiple windows in one window.

Additionally, Mavericks allowed users to receive notifications from websites using Safari Push Notifications.


You’re looking for a full list of all macOS versions to date, including their features and requirements? Look no further. Below is the table with a comprehensive list of all macOS versions and their features:


Here is a breakdown of what users expected to run Mavericks:

  • Hardware Requirements
  • Processor: Most require an Intel Core 2 Duo or better processor; some require a more advanced processor.
  • Memory: Recommended memory varies from 2GB to 8GB.
  • Storage: Varied from 8GB to 256 GB depending on the version desired.


Finder included document tags, tabs, and full-screen support.

You could read books on iBooks, navigate with Maps, save energy with App Nap, and stay informed with alerts moved into Notification Center.

Memory compression helped work faster, while Mission Control had been enhanced for multiple display support.

OS X 10.10 (Yosemite)

Yosemite was introduced in 2014 as the successor to Mavericks, and is still being used today.

It has a minimum requirement of 2GB of RAM and 8 GB of disk space, so it can be installed on a good number of Macs released since 2007.

Its features included an updated Safari with improved performance, support for iCloud Drive and Handoff, which lets you start a task on one device and finish it on another.


Mac OS had undergone its biggest redesign in years, with thin fonts, new color schemes, and a shift towards flat graphic design.

Yosemite brought with it a cohesive cross-device experience.

It also introduced an intuitive interface that facilitates user navigation.

The operating system had undergone subtle changes to the overall look and feel.

Additionally, it offered enhanced security features to protect users’ data and improved performance for faster response times.

These changes had been made to provide users with a more efficient and enjoyable experience.

Next up, we’ll discuss the requirements needed to run Yosemite on your Mac.


You would need at least 2GB of RAM and 8GB of free space on your hard drive.

If you have an Intel processor, it must be a Core 2 Duo, i3, i5 or later.

To take advantage of all the features offered by Yosemite, it’s important that these requirements are met; otherwise you may not get the user experience that Apple intended.


With the ability to make iPhone calls from desktop, widgets, and an instant hotspot, Yosemite offered users an impressive selection of capabilities.

The Notification Center also included “Today View” for quick access to important information.

Plus, Safari added private browsing mode and Google as default search engine.

To top it off, Yosemite also had a darker night theme and Handoff support for quickly moving between devices.

With such an array of powerful benefits, it’s no wonder why so many people still love using Yosemite—the perfect transition into El Capitan’s new domain.

OS X 10.11 (El Capitan)

OS X 10.11, codenamed El Capitan, is the twelfth major release of Apple’s Mac OS X operating system.

It was released on September 30th, 2015 and required any Mac capable of running OS X 10.10 Yosemite to install.

El Capitan brought several new features to the table including a refined user interface that made windowing easier than ever before and improved performance for both web browsing and launching apps.


Get to know El Capitan, Apple’s twelfth major release of its desktop and server operating system.

It was released on September 30, 2015, and aimed to simplify everyday activities by optimizing response times when opening emails or launching apps. Quicker Response Times. Improved Efficiency. Optimized Apps & Emails. Streamlined Workflow were the headliners!


Your computer must have at least 2GB of memory and 8.8GB of available storage space to install the OS X 10.11 update.

Additionally, your computer must be running Snow Leopard (10.6) or later to be able to upgrade to El Capitan. Older versions will not work with the new operating system.

Furthermore, some features require additional hardware such as a FaceTime HD camera or a multi-touch trackpad for using gestures within the operating system.

These features may not work on all systems even when they meet the other requirements for El Capitan installation.

To ensure that you can make full use of the latest version of macOS, make sure your computer meets these specifications before upgrading your system.

With everything in order, you can move on to discovering what El Capitan has to offer in terms of features.


The Notes app lets you drag and drop files, add from other apps, and create checklists.

Spotlight search gives more results, window resize options, and can be moved around your desktop.

Enjoy San Francisco as a new system font plus a simpler Mission Control design with Split View allowing two full-screen windows side-by-side.

Create a Space by dragging windows to the top of your screen!

Language support is improved too.

Make the most out of your Mac with El Capitan’s incredible features!

Whether using an older version or upgrading to Sierra, you’ll enjoy a great user experience.

macOS 10.12 (Sierra)

This version of macOS was released in September 2016.

It requires an Intel processor, at least 2GB of memory, 8.8 GB of available storage space, and OS X 10.7 or later before being able to install it.

Sierra has a number of new features and some issues as well.

Some of these include Siri integration for Macs, support for Apple Pay on Safari web browsers, Picture-in-Picture mode for video playback, and Universal Clipboard.

Universal Clipboard allows users to copy content across multiple devices.


It brought a host of new features, such as unlocking your Mac with an Apple Watch, Storage Optimization for detailed storage overviews and suggestions on how to free up disk space, and Siri support.


Continuing with the features found in macOS, Apple has added a number of new features that make it easier to use and more powerful.

With Apple Pay, you can securely pay for goods and services online or in store.

Siri integration allows you to control your Mac with voice commands.

Picture-in-Picture (PiP) support for Safari and iTunes lets you watch videos while multitasking on your Mac.

Apple Music has been rebranded for a more modern look and feel.

Rich media integration in Messages makes messaging even more fun and interactive.

Optimized storage helps free up space on your hard drive by automatically moving infrequently used files to iCloud Drive or other cloud storage solutions.

Lastly, Safari-inspired tags help organize files quickly and easily.

These are just some of the features available in macOS – next we’ll take a closer look at the latest version, macOS 10.13 (High Sierra).

macOS 10.13 (High Sierra)

It had a variety of powerful features and requirements that make it stand out from other operating systems.

First, its hardware requirements include a Mac computer with an Intel processor and at least 2GB of memory.

Secondly, it includes some great new features such as the Apple File System, enhanced photo editing tools, support for virtual reality content creation, and improved Safari web browsing experience.

Last but not least, you could use Siri on your Mac!


Released on September 25, 2017, its focuses were mainly on video, data and graphics.

Some key features of High Sierra include:

  • HEIC was introduced as a new video standard
  • Apple File System (APFS) was used as an improved alternative to HFS+
  • Safari, Mail and Photo saw some minor enhancements
  • Performance and security improvements were made
  • Graphics were updated for higher resolution displays

High Sierra provided users with the basics they needed and wanted in a macOS update.

Further improvements on this version include better compatibility and requirements for more modern hardware.


To get started with High Sierra, you’ll need to meet certain requirements. 

Requirement Details
Operating System macOS 10.13 or newer
Memory (RAM) 4 GB minimum, 8 GB recommended
Storage Space 12.5GB available disk space for installation and updates
Graphics Card/Chipset & Monitor Display Resolution Requirements*1  Intel HD Graphics 4000 or later, AMD Radeon R9 M290X (or better) OR 1GB VRAM (minimum), 2880×1800 resolution display monitor 2 **                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

Intel Iris Pro Graphics 6200 or later is also supported for some configurations.

Display monitor must support 1024×768 or higher resolution.    [1] https://www.apple.com/macos/high-sierra-preview/#tech-specs
[2] https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT202823

These are just a few of the necessary technical parameters if you want to run High Sierra on your MacOS device, but meeting them will ensure a smooth transition into its comprehensive feature set.


High Sierra comes packed with plenty of features that make it a great upgrade for MacOS users. I

t has Apple File System (APFS) as the new default, High Efficiency Video Encoding (HEVC or H.265), Metal 2 with support for machine learning, improved Photos app editing tools, Safari auto-play blocking and an always-on option for Safari Reader, iCloud storage family plans and file sharing, and improved search function in Mail.

All these improvements have made High Sierra one of the most popular versions to date.

Next up is macOS 10.14 (Mojave), which brought even more powerful features to the table.

macOS 10.14 (Mojave)

Welcome to the discussion of macOS 10.14, also known as Mojave!

This operating system was released in 2018 and is available for free from the App Store.

To use this version of macOS, you will need a Mac with at least 2GB of RAM, 12.5 GB of storage space, and one of these four processor types: Core i3, Core i5, Intel Xeon E3-1285L v6 or better.

Among its features are a Dark Mode to easily switch between light and dark appearance themes;

Desktop Stacks which group files on the desktop into neat stacks;

Continuity Camera to take a picture from your iPhone and have it appear immediately on your Mac;

and Voice Memos which allows you to record audio directly on your Mac.


From the Dynamic Desktop feature to apps such as Stocks, News, and Home, Mac users now enjoy a seamless transition from day to night.

With Mojave (macOS 10.14) in 2018 came Dark Mode and an improved App Store experience for developers.


From iOS-inspired screenshots to Dynamic Desktop with changing wallpapers and Desktop Stacks for organization, MacOS Mohave had a variety of user friendly features.

Quick Actions and Quick Look view in Finder make it easier than ever to access files without tedious navigation. 

Popular macOS Features Feature Description
Automator Automates repetitive tasks on your computer or phone quickly and easily
AirDrop Share documents, photos, videos, links and more across all Apple devices.
Siri Voice Control Use voice commands to control your Mac apps and search functions.
iCloud Integration Sync data across multiple devices with ease using iCloud Storage.

With so many impressive features available, let’s take a look at macOS 10.15 (Catalina).

macOS 10.15 (Catalina)

This operating system was released in October 2019 and is the current version of macOS.

It has high requirements, including at least 4GB of memory and 12.5GB of available storage space.

Among its features were improved security, better integration between Macs and iOS devices, Screen Time for monitoring time spent on apps, Sidecar to use iPad as an extra display, and Voice Control which allows users to control their Mac by voice commands.


The latest version is macOS 10.15 (Catalina) released in October 2019 that adds new apps, improves on existing ones, and enhances performance and user-friendliness.

As a result, users gained:

  1. A more intuitive user interface
  2. Robust security measures
  3. Enhanced multimedia capabilities


Your Mac should have at least an Intel Core 2 Duo processor, 4GB of RAM, 12.5GB of available storage space and OS X 10.7 (Lion) or later installed.

Additionally, if you want to install the new version of macOS on multiple Macs, each computer must be running macOS High Sierra 10.13 or earlier in order for the installer to recognize them as compatible devices for installation.

Some features may require more current versions of other software packages such as iTunes, iCloud and Apple Music which can all be updated easily from the App Store after upgrading your operating system.


With macOS Catalina, users can enjoy many new and improved features that made the user experience even more enjoyable.

  • Media platforms: Music, Podcasts, and Apple TV have broken away from iTunes.
  • Apple Mail includes options to unsubscribe from mails, block senders, and mute threads.
  • Re-imagined Reminders app with enhanced Photos & Notes apps.
  • Find My app combines Find My iPhone & Friends while Screen Time & Voice Control add convenience.
  • iCloud drive allows for folder sharing.

Also See: MacOS High Sierra Vs MacOS Catalina

macOS 11 (Big Sur)

This new operating system from Apple revolutionized the Mac experience with its enhanced features and improved requirements.

Big Sur boasts advanced tools, like a sleek design and easy-to-navigate user interface, along with updated security protocols that make it more secure than ever before.

With its modernized look and feel, you’ll be able to do more in less time while enjoying the highest levels of protection for your data.


It brought a huge design change and transition to Apple’s M1 Macs, allowing users to run iOS apps natively on Mac for the very first time.

Features of this new version include:

  • Improved Interface:
  • Redesigned Control Center with customizable controls
  • Updated App icons and notification system
  • Performance Enhancements:
  • Optimized for Apple M1 chipsets for faster performance
  • Enhanced security features and privacy protections


The minimum system requirements include a Mac computer with an Intel processor, at least 4GB of memory, and 12.5GB of available storage space.

Additionally, the user must have an Apple ID to download the software from the App Store and access iCloud features such as Photos and Find My Mac.

Furthermore, some features may require additional hardware or software configuration which may vary by region.

Lastly, to ensure optimal performance it is recommended that users keep their Macs up-to-date with the latest macOS version and security updates.


With macOS Big Sur 11.0, a range of improved features and tools to make your experience even better.

  • Enjoy an enhanced user interface.
  • Improved search in Messages and conversation pinning (up to nine).
  • 50% faster speed in Safari than Google Chrome.
  • Privacy toolbar button to view web trackers plus a full privacy report.
  • Password monitoring feature to detect data breaches.
  • Language translation tools.
  • More editing tools in Photos.
  • Favorites feature added to Maps.
  • Guides for exploring new places.

All these features are designed with the goal of providing you with an effortless and secure computing experience.

macOS 12 (Monterey)

This version of the Mac operating system offers a range of new features and requirements.

Its Universal Control feature allows you to easily move your cursor between Mac and iPad devices, while Shortcuts enables you to quickly automate tasks with different apps.

Safari has also been redesigned, with tab groups for easy navigation.


Your Mac must have an Intel processor and a minimum of 2GB of RAM for the most basic versions, while more recent iterations require up to 16GB or more in order to perform optimally.

Additionally, you need enough free storage space on your hard drive to accommodate installation files as well as any new applications or updates you may wish to install.

Furthermore, certain models might have specific hardware requirements; for instance, some advanced features such as Handoff and Instant Hotspot require Bluetooth LE (Low Energy).

To ensure smooth performance, it’s important that you familiarize yourself with the minimum system requirements prior to installing a new macOS version.

Now let’s look at what kind of features are available across the different macOS versions.


Now let’s move on to the features of each MacOS version.

With MacOS 11, you get access to some great new features.

These include the Shortcuts app, Focus mode, Quick Note feature in Notes, SharePlay capability, FaceTime support for spatial audio, Universal Control update, and Live Text.

Safari also got a few upgrades with group tabs and an optional tab bar design.

macOS 13 (Ventura)

This system has high requirements, as users must have a Mac with an M1 chip or Intel processor from late 2013 and later, 8GB RAM, and 20GB available storage space.

You’ll also find plenty of features to explore such as iPad apps on your Mac, Universal Control for integrated device control, AirPlay to share content between devices, and more.


It features a revolutionary Stage Manager feature and other great additions.

This innovative interface change allows users to easily transition between tasks and workspaces.

It does this by automatically organizing active windows into stacks on the left side of the screen.

In addition to Stage Manager, Ventura also includes Continuity Camera, Undo Send in Mail, and more.

These features enhance the user experience and make daily tasks more efficient.

With all these amazing features, it’s no wonder why many are choosing to make Stage Manager their default!

To take full advantage of all that Ventura has to offer, however, you’ll need to meet certain requirements. These requirements will be discussed next.


To take full advantage of Ventura, you’ll need to meet certain system requirements:

  • An Intel processor
  • At least 4GB of memory
  • macOS 10.12 or higher

Plus, an internet connection for some features.

To get the most from your Mac, ensure you have the necessary components in place.

Additionally, it’s important to know what features each version offers so you can make the best use of the software available.


  • Improved Mail search with suggestions
  • Revamped image search results in Spotlight
  • The ability to share Safari tabs and bookmarks with friends
  • Options to edit or unsend recent messages, mark them as unread
  • SharePlay capabilities within Messages
  • iCloud Shared Photo Library and Continuity camera for added convenience
  • Desk view to help you conveniently organize your desktop

macOS 14 (Sonama) ( Coming Soon )

This latest version of Apple’s operating system requires an Intel processor and at least 4 GB of memory.

With Sonama, you can enjoy a variety of new tools such as improved window management, enhanced security features, and access to the App Store.


With macOS 14 (Sonoma), users can take advantage of new widgets, treat webpages like apps, and use multi-user profiles in Safari.

Video calling is more intuitive with the redesigned presenter view which also allows for reaction effects during meetings. And there’s plenty of fun to be had with all-new games as well.

All this plus more make Sonoma an exciting step up from earlier versions that shouldn’t be missed.

But before you dive in, it helps to know what’s required for running the latest macOS version.


Here is what you need to know:

  • The minimum processor requirement varies from version to version, with some requiring Intel-based processors and others allowing PowerPC-based models.
  • Most versions require at least 2GB of RAM but some will run on as little as 1GB.
  • Each edition requires free hard drive space ranging from 6GB up to 12GB or more depending on the version.
  • A broadband internet connection is needed for installation and updates, while certain features require an Apple ID account.
  • All versions must also include a built-in monitor with 1280×800 resolution or greater.


Desktop widgets make it easy to keep up with important information at-a-glance.

Safari profiles enable you to use multiple accounts without needing to log out and back in again.

Web apps can be added for quick access to your favorite sites.

Password and passkey sharing streamlines the process of connecting with friends and family while keeping your data secure.

New video conferencing features provide better connectivity than ever before.

Enhanced private browsing ensures your activity remains anonymous when online.

And finally, autocorrect and predictive text get smarter as you type—helping you communicate faster and more accurately.

All this adds up to a Mac OS experience that’s tailored for each user’s needs—making it easier than ever before to stay productive, connected, and secure on any device.

Is there any difference between Mac OS X and macOS?

You may have noticed that Apple’s operating system has gone by three different names: Mac OS X, OS X, and macOS. But is there any difference between these titles?

In reality, no.

All of them refer to the same operating system — only the naming convention has changed over the years.

From 2001 to 2011, Mac OS X was its official name.

Then came four years of using ‘OS X’ before finally settling on ‘macOS’ with High Sierra in 2016.

This move helped standardize Apple’s product naming across iOS, tvOS, iPadOS and more.

Although the name has changed multiple times, the core elements of this operating system have remained consistent throughout its lifetime — so you can rest assured that each version is as reliable as the one before it!

What’s the latest Mac OS?

The latest Mac OS as of date is Mac OS Ventura.

Are all Mac OS updated?

Currently, Apple updates several versions of macOS, so you can stay up to date with the latest technology.

The main versions that are still being updated include macOS Ventura, Sierra and High Sierra, Monterey 12.6.1, and Big Sur 11.7.1.

Each one offers different features and requirements depending on what kind of user you are looking for in a mac operating system.

Which Mac OS is the best so far?

Comparing the different versions of macOS, you’ll find that Big Sur 11.7.1 is the best option so far – or at least in our experience :).

It has a sleek design and intuitive user interface that makes it easy to navigate and use features quickly.

Furthermore, its integration with Apple’s other products ensures a seamless experience across devices.

Here are some of the key advantages of Big Sur:

  • Optimized for performance: Big Sur offers improved system speed, responsiveness, and power efficiency compared to earlier versions of macOS.
  • Security-focused: This version includes enhanced security measures like System Integrity Protection (SIP) that protect against malware and unauthorized access attempts.
  • Unmatched compatibility: All Macs from 2012 or later are supported by Big Sur, making it highly compatible with older hardware as well as newer machines.
  • Feature-packed: Big Sur comes loaded with powerful features such as an updated Dock, improved Messages app, and Home app for controlling smart home accessories.

Overall, Big Sur is an impressive iteration of macOS that delivers enhanced performance and security along with plenty of new features to explore—making it an ideal choice for users seeking mastery over their Macs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are There Any Compatibility Issues With Older Applications in the Latest Macos Version?

Yes, there may be compatibility issues with older applications in the latest macOS version.

Generally speaking, most apps that were designed to work with the previous versions of macOS should still function without issue.

However, some applications may need updates to work properly or might not be supported at all by the newest version of macOS.

If you’re concerned about your existing software working on the latest version of macOS, it’s best to check with the application developers for more information before upgrading.

Can I Upgrade From Older Version of MacOS to the Latest Version?

To upgrade from an older version of macOS to the latest, you should “look before you leap”.

Firstly, ensure that your Mac meets the system requirements for the new macOS.

Secondly, back up your valuable data using Time Machine or another backup solution.

Thirdly, download and install the latest version from the App Store or System Preferences.

Lastly, use Software Update to update any additional software or security patches post-installation.

With these steps in mind, you can confidently upgrade to the latest version of macOS with ease!

How Do I Check Which MacOS Version My Mac Is Running?

To determine which macOS version your Mac is running, open the Apple menu in the top left corner of the screen.

Select ‘About this Mac’ from the drop-down menu.

A window will appear which displays general information about your Mac, including its macOS version.

This is usually listed as ‘Version 10.x’ where x corresponds to a certain number that indicates which version you are running.

If you need further assistance with determining your macOS version or want to upgrade your iMac, contact us today!

I am a computer engineer holding a bachelor's degree in Computer Science, complemented by a Master's in Business Administration from University of Strathclyde, Scotland. I currently work as a Senior IT Consultant in Melbourne, Australia. With over 15 years of...